Friday, May 22, 2020
The collection of poems, Mushrooms, Daddy and Lady Lazarus by renowned poet Sylvia Plath, all detail similar values regarding the oppressive roles of women during the 50s and 60s. The prominent themes and values within her poetry reflect her own personal encounters, thoughts, relationships and her struggles with mental health. By adopting the gender and biographical critical perspectives, it allows the audience to explore PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s struggles as an oppressed woman with a mental disorder allowing her to become the voice for many women and a feminist icon. Mushrooms (1960) For the entirety of PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s life, her world was dominated by the patriarchy, with her father and husband becoming influential figures in her life. Her experience ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, Plath continues with Ã¢â¬Ëwe shall by morning/ inherit the earth/ Our foot is in the door,Ã¢â¬â¢ indicating the feminist movement will rise and overcome the male dominated society. Daddy (1965) Plath is considered a confessional poet with one of her most controversial poems Daddy, detailing her relationship with her father and husband. Daddy, highlights PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s strained and oppressive relationship with her German father, Otto Plath, who died when Plath was young. Within the first stanza ,the lines Ã¢â¬Ëblack shoe/ in which I have lived like a foot/for thirty yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ references PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s age whilst highlighting her personal oppressive relationship with her father. Although, the poem is directed at PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s father, her father becomes a patriarchal symbol of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s oppressors particularly evident within her mocking line Ã¢â¬Ëevery woman adores a fascist.Ã¢â¬â¢ To enhance the magnitude of her oppression she felt with her father, Plath compares him to Hitler, Ã¢â¬Ënot a god but a swastikaÃ¢â¬â¢ and herself to a Jew, Ã¢â¬ËI think I may well be a Jew.Ã¢â¬â¢ Extending the biographic aspect of the poem, Plath mentions her husband, Ted Hu ghes, metaphorically referring to him as vampire whom drank her blood for seven years - the time they had known each other. When Plath wrote Daddy, the couple had split as Hughes had an affair, thus the vampire metaphor is another symbol representing PlathÃ¢â¬â¢s obedient and required duties to her husband as a women. In the end,
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
GE Healthcare- Digital marketing KULDIP MEDHE GE healthcare deliver services to people around the globe using transformational medical technologies. Among them are services such as biopharmaceutical manufacturing technologies, medical diagnostics, medical imaging and information technologies, patient monitoring systems, drug discovery, and performance solutions services. The ultimate goal of using digital marketing strategy is for customer and market acquisition. The reason being is acquire new customers and make the products and business grow. The retention of new customers is also important. Through acquisition strategy, new customers and existing ones can be informed about the new products and services. Acquisition goes beyond than awareness and it helps in expanding the market share and also increasing the number of customers. Having a good customer acquisition strategy used is essential since the company is operating in the healthcare sector. It will contribute to retain the existing customers and also attract the potential ones. Through digital marketing customer acquisition can be done effectively. Since the world is moving forward with the technology, it is important to change and adopt accordingly. Many individuals today are connected with the World Wide Web. And many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s daily operations are connected with the Internet. Therefore it is easy to reach a large customer base and market penetration through digital marketing strategies effectively whenShow MoreRelatedA Strategic Analysis of Ge Healthcare1561 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA strategic analysis of GE healthcare GE Healthcare: Company Overview GE Healthcare is a unit of the wider General Electric Company. It has a global orientation, employing more than 46, 000 staff committed to serving healthcare professionals and patients in over 100 countries. It is headquartered in the United Kingdom (UK)-the first GE business segment outside the United States. It has a turnover of approximately $ 17 billion. The headquarters hosts GE healthcare corporate offices as well as financeRead MoreUnleashing the Power of Marketing5321 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesUnleashing The Power Of Marketing When GE realized that its products would no longer sell themselves, it had to invent a formidable marketing function from scratch. by Beth Comstock, Ranjay Gulati, and Stephen Liguori 90 Harvard Business Review October 2010 HBR.ORG J ILLUSTRATION: GARY NEILL ust 10 years ago General Electric had no substantial marketing organization. For decades the company had been so confident in its technologies that it seemed to believe the products could marketRead MoreCase Study About General Electric8901 Words Ã |Ã 36 PagesDetroit, Michigan. 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Integrity is the number one quality of leadership. Integrity in leadership is expressed in terms of constancy and consistency. It is manifested in an absolute devotion to keeping oneÃ¢â¬â¢s word. We will write a custom essay sample on Importance of Integrity or any similar topic only for you Order Now The glue that holds all relationships together-including the relationship between the leader and the ledÃ¢â¬âis trust, and trust is based on integrity. Integrity is so important that functioning in our society would be impossible without it. We could not make even a simple purchase without a high level of confidence that the price was honest and that the change was correct. The most successful individuals and companies in America are those with reputations of high integrity among everyone they deal with. This level of integrity builds the confidence that others have in them and enables them to do more business than their competitors whose ethics may be a little shaky. Earl Nightingale once wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"If honesty did not exist, it would have to be invented, as it is the surest way of getting rich. Ã¢â¬ A study at Harvard University concluded that the most valuable asset that a company has is how it is known to its customers, its reputation. By the same token, your greatest personal asset is the way that you are known to your customers. It is your personal reputation for keeping your word and fulfilling your commitments. Your integrity precedes you and affects all of your interactions with other people. There are several things you can do to move you more rapidly toward becoming the kind of person that you know you are capable of becoming. The first is to decide upon my five most important values in life. Organize them in order of priority. Then I write a brief paragraph defining what each of those values means to me. A value combined with a definition becomes an organizing principle, a statement that I can use to help me make better decisions. It is a measure and standard which enables me to know how closely I am adhering to my innermost beliefs and convictions. Five of my most important values are: helping those who are less fortunate, working hard to reach my goals, being honest and truthful, working with others to get things done, and being the nicest person anyone could meet. I have always been regarded as a leader and that does not come with ease: backlash of the bullies and those who want to bring me down to get where I am will always encounter me, but because of my high integrity and honesty to do what is Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ I will not retaliate against them. I must go into others shoes, which enables me to help others in more ways than one, because their situations make me emotionally motivated to get them in a better place to be successful. Integrity is hard work, but that work is nothing but rewarding. IÃ¢â¬â¢m a leader and I will continue to develop to be the best leader I am to become, by living with integrity every day. How to cite Importance of Integrity, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The Cold War Essay The Cold War created detent allowing both sides (US and USSR) to co-exist despite differences and follow their interests without indulging in open confrontation. The antagonism between the US and USSR existed long before WWII and this ideological differences led the two countries to Cold War. This hostility directed the course of events into to intense development and deployment and stock piling of nuclear weapons in both the countries throughout the Cold War times.Ã After the surrender of Germany in 1945 near the close of WWII, the uneasy wartime alliance between USSR and US came to in end; instead the rivalry between USSR and US started to escalate. By 1948, the Soviets installed left wings regimes in Eastern Europe, the countries that were liberated by Red Army during WWII. As both sides viewed themselves the champions of the world, they aggressively persuaded smaller nations to join their camp. In 1946 /1947 USSR brought communist regimes in Romania and Bulgaria. US felt threa tened by the USSR violent approach and adopted the Trumann doctrine, which allowed US to help its allies to contain the Soviet expansion. The British and US feared that permanent domination of USSR in Eastern Europe was also influencing democracies in Western Europe. USSR on the other hand was not content with what it had, instead it was looking not only to maintain but also expand communism worldwide aggressively. Even though in US the liberals believed in the democratic peace theory and held the view that democracies do not create wars, but all solve problems amicably. During the early phase of Cold War the liberals in US saw optimism in three key areas:Ã the role of institutions, the dominion of ideas and material prosperity.Ã According to liberals the key institution, which can play a vital role in the international political affairs, can only be UN, which can decide the issues of inequality among the nations. If a weaker nation is invaded by a powerful nation, mediation can workout a solution. The UN could tackle the elementary causes of disparity and dissatisfaction and intercede between the parties. Thus f or the liberals after WWII, there was no visible threat, democracy was spreading, so the basic concern of the nations should be the well being of the states and improving their economic condition. However US Cold War policy was a more realistic approach than idealistic. We will write a custom essay sample on The Cold War specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Cold War specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Cold War specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer According to the realist view, it is a government foremost responsibility to use all means at its disposal ranging from democracy, threat of force and even war in order to seek the national interest. According to the realist national security and survival does not lie in idealism but rather in power of balance. The realist believed that in real politics it is essential to pursue power at all costs, however there must be a clear comprehension of what is achievable and what is not. The realists were concerned about security rather than thinking about cheating or lying.Ã Thus US countered Cold War through the initiation of Marshall plan offering aid to Western European countries and bringing these countries under its influence; Soviet instead openly installed pro-communist regimes in the whole of Eastern Europe. Such policies were aggressive and the Cold War reached its peak in 1948 and 1953, where USSR unsuccessfully blocked the Western held sectors in West Berlin giving rise to NAT O (1949) by US and Western Europe as a united front to face Soviet Union. The Soviet exploded their first nuclear warhead in 1949, which ended the US monopoly on atomic weapons pushing the international relations into more dangerous arena. In China the communist power arrival made USSR stronger. The Soviet supported the North Korean government, while the US supported South Korea resulting in war since 1953. From 1953 to 1957, the Cold War tensions relaxed after the death of Stalin, but standoff remained as ever. The pro-Soviet countries in order to counter West formed Warsaw Pact (1955). The situation reached its peak during the 1962, when Soviet installed missiles in Cuba that could be used against US. This situation led to 1962 crisis brought both countries to the brink of war; however in the end both reached a peaceful resolution and USSR removed the missiles. The Cuban missiles crisis pushed the US and USSR relations into a new direction, where both relaxed their stance. Soon both superpowers signed a NTBT (Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963) entering DÃ ©tente phase of Cold War. The French term DÃ ©tente is used in the international politics applied to any situation where hostile nation do not involve in the open war. In international relation it refers to the reduction in tension between US and USSR continued from 1960s to 1980s. As both sides were armed with massive weapons, it was not possible to provoke a war instead US and USSR adopted several flexible strategies to counter each other. This led to evolve reasons to seek relaxation in tension. During the early 1960s, Brezhnev felt that Soviet leadership was unable to share the burden of nuclear arms race and it would not be sustainable in the coming years. The American economy was draining due to Vietnam War; US government felt that it would be wise to decrease tension by relaxing rivalry. The Soviets also started to trade with Western Europe in a hope that trade and Dentate would ease the relation more and that this less aggressive policy will detach Western Europe from US influence. The arrival of ICBMs made it no longer possible for both sides to conqueror each other. This led to a military doctrine MAD (mutual assured destruction) and the idea behind this doctrine was that, the Western bloc will not be attacked as both superpowers had more than enough stockpile of nuclear weapons to wipe off each other from the face of earth, including all the human beings in the world. The idea of attacking each other seemed suicidal and unpractical act, thus making nuclear weapon as a deterrence to keep each other off the fence. Another issue was China, which was splitting off from Soviet influence; the Soviet felt it essential to improve relations with US due to China departure. As USSR and US were equal in nuclear weapons and it was clear that any thought of war could lead to mutual assured destruction (MAD) and it was believed that any possibility of war would over shadow its gains. A new middle ground approach was adopted where Nixon and Brezhnev felt essential to secure popularity and power. The most obvious manifestation of DÃ ©tente was the series of summits that held between the superpowers and led to many treaties such as Partial Test ban Treaty and later on NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and Outer Space Treaty). Even though these treaties did not stop the super powers to decrease their power; but it curbed their power and limiting the perception of war on both sides. The most important treaty was signed in 1969 in Helsinki, The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks which led to SALT I treaty and eventually leading to signing SALT II, both of which were meant to limit nuclear arsenals. In later years trade improved between; West sent many shipments of grain to USSR due to the collapse of collective farming. The Cold War created a DÃ ©tente a policy, advocating an intricate system of international relations, where the world did not look like two split blocks. It allowed the smaller and less powerful nations to assert their freedom and independence and pursue their interests more openly rather than becoming a bone of contention between two super powers. However espionage and the propaganda continued even in during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. It was assured that smaller wars cannot give rise to big war directly as a result the realists kept on promulgating their policy of weakening USSR by aiding the Afghan warriors by the help all European nations which ultimately led dismemberment of USSR in 1990. Through out the Cold War the US and Soviet Union avoided face-to-face military confrontation in Europe; instead both tried to have allies to gather support. Thus the Soviet Union sent troops to preserve communist rule in East Germany (1953), Hungry (1956) Afghanistan (1979); while the US approvedÃ Ã and over threw government in many countries including Cuba and Guatemala, which did not sided US. In the course of 1960s and 1970s the bipolar struggle gave way to more complex pattern of international relationship where world was not clearly opposed into two blocs, but underneath the surface hostility continued.Ã After the breakup of Soviet Union no one expected Russia to come back. The first test after the fall of Iron Curtain was Gulf War, where instead of falling into competition with US, Russia appeared in agreement with US, which saved the crisis over Iraq. The reason for such approach was that Russia was dependent on West for economic aid; any opposition of US meant cutting off the aid, but in mid 1990s USSR shifted its strategy and built up its new foreign policy that carried the element of Cold War that is continuous under the Putin government to gain its status as Superpower. The foreign policy of Russia that emerged after the collapse of Soviet Union has some parallel with the Soviet Union. Soon after the collapse Russia took over the permanent seat in Security Council that meant that despite collapse it retained the membership of world elite club. In the early 1992 the then foreign minister Andrey Kozrev announced under Boris Yelstin rule that Russian foreign policy will be different from Ã¢â¬Å"GorbachevÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"new thinkingÃ¢â¬ . Kozrev clearly mentioned that Russia would pursue its own interests rather than international community interests. Despite tall claims, Russian foreign policy remained clam for two years between 1992 and 1993 due its domestic problems. Before the attack on Yugoslavia, Russia flexed its mussel and openly opposed the NATO plan of attacking. The reason was that Yugoslavia was attached to Russian ideology, and Russia fervent support was for this reason.Ã During the war Russia offered intelligence to Yugoslavia that resulted in the shooting of US top plan that was considered invisible. Russia also made one sudden before the arrival of NATO army when the war was over by sending its 200 soldiers to capture the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s airport. The NATO was baffled by such move and they have to give some role to Russian in post war Yugoslavia. Such move can be seen as a reminiscent of Cold War as it was dangerous to take the risk, but perhaps Russia was bent on establishing its right, if not possible through politics than by show of force. Thus we can see that in the wake of disintegration Russia started to look for new objectives in his foreign policy. This new foreign policy concept provided a new meaning to consider a Russia a new great power where its national security should be achieved through diplomacy and protecting its interests by establishing not only Russian market, but also assisting the newly independent markets including in the central Europe. This concept even though did not ask for open opposition to the West, but paid less emphasis on the pro-Western policies which started at the time of Gorbachov. Even there was debate inside Russia between the liberals and conservatives against such move, as liberals believed that Russia should not pursue aggressive policy, but conservative and liberal agreed that Russia need to play more proactive role in gaining its rightful place among other powers. This new foreign policy was a new move meant to unify the Russian motherland under a new military strategic space to protect Russia interests. This concept advocated the concept of protecting former CIS states in Russia sphere from any kind of political, economic and religious influence. For the conservatives Russian dominance is essential to secure its southern borders ensuring continuous access to waterways and natural resources in the former Russian states. In the early days 1990s some of extreme conservative advocated even Russian line of defense some thing of German Wall to secure its boundaries from growing influence of Turkey and Iran; however it did materialized, but the truth is that till to date Russia do not welcome any one in its sphere It was under this situation that even when Chechnya was given freedom in President Yelstin time, the new president who is more aggressive in pursuing Russian interest by all means. One immediate step President Putin took was to attack Chechnya; a reminiscence of the Cold War Soviet Union. In the wake of 9-11 as soon as US announced pre-emptive attack, Russian announced similar policy.Ã In 2004/2005 during the election Russia also openly supported pro-Russian government even when they were failing. Democracy was restored but Georgia had to suffer the consequences as Russia cut off its gas supply to break the new leadership under economic sanctions. Russia in recent geo-political moves has made him distinguished as it exercised to regain control of its former states and in the world politics in the larger context. The growing pressure for reforms and the popular rising in Georgia, Ukraine, and KyrgyzstanÃ Ã propelled these sates for democratic changes, but it must be remembered that all of them are dependent on Russian. In the current state, MoscowÃ¢â¬â¢s economic role in Ukraine and in central Asia has given governments in these two states to retreat from popular rising demands. The current situation in Russia is quite similar to former Soviet Union as Russia still has enormous influence over many of its key states, even though many states overthrew Russian imposed system, but being economic dependent on Russia, it is not possible for these states to get rid of Russia influence that easily. In the former states there are millions of Russians who are working in key areas of these states as they themselves lack the skill t o take care of the Soviet era infrastructure. Russia is also closely observing American presence in Afghanistan and this presence has given Russia also an excuse to launch an aggressive war in Caucasus on the pretext of terrorism, the same term which US is using. Such excuse is far from true, but Russia is finding the situation ripe to curb Chechnya as much as possible and control all the key territories and get strong hold of its parameters. With Putin Russia has increased its power and status more than the early 1990s, even though some of its former states openly became pro-European, but being built on Russian economies and dependent on Russian resources, it would be hard for these state to survive without Russia. The Russian foreign policy pundits consider such moves natural for a state that had once the status of a super power, however the West look at such moves with suspicions.Ã The reason for such moves is that Russia sees it self as a great power in a multi-polar world an d considers it best to advance its interest through slow and calculated diplomatic moves. Moscow policy is contrast to US who sees itself as the world dominant power pursuing its agenda, an emerging Russia means diminishing that position and create a multi-polar political environment. Such views can be clearly noticed in current international affairs such as the present Iran crisis, where President Putin had asked for diplomatic solution rather than war. Russia has the potential to become major global player for two reasons; the first is its natural resources that are of great importance to the world where energy prices are going up. It would be hard for countries depend on oil and gas to ignore her presence. The second is her militarily might even Russia army at present is not as developed as US, but in past few years Russia has hugely invested in modernizing its army, and is also exporting military hardware to needed markets.Ã The reasons for investing in army as that since the times of Cold War, Russian foreign policy has been dominated by the military strength. The recent US war on terror has given again another excuse to increase significantly its army hardware; a lot of which has been exported to India, Iran and Syria. Such moves have brought Russia not only hard cash, but it is also winning support from the Muslim countries (Iran and Syria) that has ideological differences with US. The support of Palestine Hamas has also in creased Russia acceptance as state and enhanced its image of the Ã¢â¬Å"Evil EmpireÃ¢â¬ .Ã Russia is also building relationship with rising power India, which buys huge amount of Russian military hardware and trying to become world power due to its rising economic progress. Thus we can say that Russia is finding new allies and see itself a power broker in wake of US growing power. Thus we can conclude that even though Russia is growing in power and its foreign policy does carry the reminiscent of the Cold War. he phrase 9/11 has become more than a date. It has become a reminder of a fatal day where many mistakes and errors especially the lack of coordinated efforts among agencies and negligence of duty led to this catastrophe. The Associated Press has released Surveillance Video that shows four of the five hijackers at Washington Dulles International Airport. A close observation of the video forced the think tanks to conjure up that the inhuman incident might have been checked in time if there had not been at least five major security lapses. The first major lapse can be termed as negligence of duty for a check on Al-Qaeda. Even though FBI counter-terrorism group were supposed to focus more terrorism related activities since 1998. A report of 9-11 after math mentions that, Ã¢â¬Å" FBI in San Diego focused little to no investigative activity on Al-QaedaÃ¢â¬ , and instead FBI in San Diego gave extraordinary attention to drug trafficking (in 2001). The video shows that the five hijackers were fallen out among the passengers; because all of them had certain metal instrumentsÃ (small knife, paper cutters etc) except Hani Hanjour who is believed to be the hijacker who piloted the flight 77, however later on they were given the clearance without thorough investigation. Even though it at that time knives were legally allowed to carry on board; however in light of being under threat from Al- Al-Qaeda, such an act should have not taken place and it shows that FBI in San Diego ignored the unvarying threat of Al-Qaeda. This negl igence of duty is only from the FBI in San Diego. Some of the FBI officials have mentioned that it such allegation does not point a particular individual; however the issue is not about one individual; but such mistake identifies institutional failings that have grown up over the years in the nation most prestigious institution.Ã Even though President Bush and Clinton took threats seriously; however there were instances when serious threats were ignored despite the clear and visible danger. The second major lapse in the security system lies in the fact that the hijackers found enough opportunity to judge the security lapses inside and outside the plane. They had made test flight on September 5 2001 to see when cockpit doors were open. This test flight shows clearly that their bold attempt took place not only due to the their resolution to commit the act; butÃ the security lapses which paved the way for them to succeed. The two brothers Khalid al-Mihdar and Majid Moqed were known to the intelligence when they were making their early flight. To ignore such a coincidence of flying the same pair again within a week is nothing more than a clear slackness of security. No doubt people can travel in pairs at any time and keeping any interval. But if the objects are known as threats and there is already a constant threat then the said attitude cannot be termed as a regular attitude. Had FBI kept Al-Qaeda in their mind, the traveling of these brothers might have been interroga ted and the catastrophe might have been averted. The failure of security screeners in detecting the expected weapons in the baggage of hijackers is the third major fault in the security system. Ironically even after setting off the security alarms, the airlines and security screeners failed to examine the hijackingÃ¢â¬â¢s baggage, as required by federal regulations and industry mandated standards to discover the weapons they would use in their attack. It shows that not only human errors but machine errors ( if alarm do not set off) also contribute to the issue of security check up. And it points to the fact that mechanical failure in detecting the weapons is weak despite the claims of having the a modern and sophisticated scanning system If the problem is security lapses, machines are also part of that system. Trusting a system that is not reliable does not sound safe in an age, where one mistake can cost so much havoc. There should have been some alternative for double-checking bags and luggage at nationÃ¢â¬â¢s airports. Had there been more scrutiny at the airport; hijackers would not be carrying those items (knife, paper cutters). And they would have nothing to threat pilot or people in the plane. The next missed opportunity of estimating the hijackersÃ¢â¬â¢ plan lies in the fact that the FBI in San Diego ignored the association of hijackers with two known persons of FBI. The hijackers took help from Omar al-Bayoumi in finding their first residence in San Diego. They also consulted Abdussattar Shaikh, an FBI Ã¢â¬Å"assetÃ¢â¬ , to rent a room there. Omar al-Bayoumi introduced them to the Muslim community. These two known people to FBI were supposed to be under constant check and surveillance. Their whereabouts and daily activities should have been looked after; but FBIÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of interest and insufficient check on these two individuals provide ample chance to offer help the remaining hijackers. The FBIÃ¢â¬â¢s instead came with an excuse that at the time they believed there was no significant al-Qaeda activity in San Diego (based on information from their sources); such assumption proved wrong. The persons known to FBI were treated like the normal citizens; even when their background was doubtful. It was natural to have been monitored such suspicious individual activities; which did not happen. Had FBI been more vigilant about the people know to it, the plot may have been discovered in its early days. Last but not the least lapse of security can be found in the fact that a Phoenix FBI agentÃ¢â¬â¢s memo two months before 9/11 was not taken seriously. The memo pointed out the possibility of Osama bin Laden to send students in flight schools to be trained for attack on civil aviation targets. The negligence of information gave Osama bin Laden a free hand in the completion of the plot. In the light of above discussion it can be seen that there were series of mistakes and errors by FBI and security officials that can be considered negligence of duty. At no point the warnings were not taken seriously, even if they were provocative. Essay Four: strengths and weaknesses of the Department of Homeland Security. The world scenario is changing the war-strategy. There was a time when armies would assemble and fight in pairs and then the blind raid that would shatter one to pieces and the winning army would enter the conquered area. With the passage of time the trend and techniques of war have changed drastically. Today itÃ¢â¬â¢s not the army only that fights and suffers, the civilian also suffer equally. This creates a need to strengthen the civil defense along with multiplying and equipping the armed forces according to the modern warfare. The US is also going through a period where the up gradation of security measures are essential due to changing times. Ironically countries are normally worried from external threats; US does not have any external threat; instead the enemy is fostering within. The Department of Homeland Security is responsible to carry possible measures to ensure the security of the people; however it is not humanly possible to have a foolproof system; this article will l ook at the strength and weakness of the Homeland and Security Department, which may have not removed all its weakness but has improved a lot overcoming the weaknesses in last 3 years. There have been certain measures taken to tighten the security and recognize the intruders. The recent changes related to the immigration rules and registrations of the settled immigrants are some of the steps taken by this department to initialize the process of security. However this is just the beginning and much more is have to be done to change the situation. The most important issue is to ensure an effective coordination and cooperation among all the agencies related to the security process.Ã For example one main weakness is the lack of coordination between CIA and FBI, which provided an easy chance to the 9/11 hijackers to plan their attack with ease. For instance CIA had information about the meeting of al-Qaeda in Malaysia, but it did not deliver it to FBI and then the world saw its consequences on 9/11. In the age of information technology, access to information is vital for survival of intelligence agencies. The importance of which has been mentioned in the 1998 Preside ntial directive mentioned that, Ã¢â¬Å" The United States will take all necessary measures to swiftly eliminate any significant vulnerability to both physical and cyber attacks on our critical infrastructure, including especially our cyber systemsÃ¢â¬ . However despite this directive the security agencies suffered because of leaking out information and numerous cyber attacks by hackers that cost millions of loss. One of the major impediments the information technology infrastructure is its lack of modernity. It is not because that the IT community has done anything wrong. It is because there is no money being put in it to modernize it and there is no money to keep it up to date. The Department of Homeland Security needs to work not only on the effectiveness of coordination among the agencies; the department needs to spend more money to make the security network stronger and more secure. Another example of failure of Homeland Security was revealed when New York 911 emergency system failed and the computer aided dispatch system crashed. During the blackout of 2003, the New Yorkers were clam and no thing serious happened but there lack of confidence from homeland department as no things seems uncertain despite many calls being made to the department. No one knew for sure what exactly happened and how it happened. The incident also mentioned a loophole in US power supply system, by showing, how easy is it to create black out in many states at once. Ironically even after five days, the then FBI director Ridge mentioned that they were investigating the matter. It is these kind of delays, which makes the Homeland Security weak and unprepared in the wake of growing threats. The proposed cyber-security plan have three bodies, the defense information infrastructure, the federal information infrastructure and the private information infrastructure is a good attempt to ensure security provided it works according to the its theory and aspirations. The authorities have to upgrade themselves in the modern technology related to security measures, which is a long process and might cast billions of dollars or they have to depend on skilled people from the private sector, which is also not very safe especially in the matters of secrecy. The American government has asked private sector to have enough resources backup and ensure the security. However the entire process of security measures needs a huge budget to deal with such mammoth task, which is not easy to achieve. It is such kind of delays and loopholes that makes the Homeland Department weak and vulnerable to attacks. The agencies work under American constitution that has certain limitations. There are situations when these agencies step out of their area of jurisdiction under impelling circumstances and face public anger and criticism with constant bashing from media, yet Homeland department has its strengths. For example the recent formation of domestic counter-terrorism teams in the armed forces has greatly been criticized because it is considered against American tradition but it has strengthened the department. Similarly the Patriot Act has been criticized but it has also empowered the agencies to enforce law and surveillance powers and breaking down walls among various agency, enabling them to share information for the first time. Even though the Act is controversial, but it has helped in preventing any repeat of 9-11 incidents and there has been no serious blow to at US soil. There have been various achievements since 9-11, which shows strength in the Homeland Security Department. In post 9-11 air travel has to be safe, which seems to safer as DHS has taken some concrete steps to counter the hijacking attacks; such as putting hardened cockpit doors, and extreme checkup of travelers baggage through out the nation major airports to curb any emerging terror threat. Additionally, the newly installation of the screening system in all international flights is a good move to curb terrorism; where all passengers names are checked against the terror watch list. US ports are now more secure, as there has been extensive measure taken by screening all the cargos entering into US soil. In order to achieve it every port in US has submitted a security plan that includes security measures such as surveillance cameras and background check to make the ports environment safer and stop any potential threat. The Homeland Security Department in order to secure the US soil launched a US-VISIT system that links the database and provides important information to officials at all ports and overseas offices. The database has pictures and fingerprints scans of all the people entering US soil, which means now US has a better tool to have an idea who is entering the country and who is leaving. In the case of any terrorist enter the country, the database can match and alert the officials before he can disappear. Such system has turned away the terrorist from US soil. Prior to 9-11, information was scattered, the Homeland Department has created a separate Homeland Security Information Network which is available in all 50 states to all law enforcement and intelligence agencies through internet, which enables all the forces to be on alert regardless of their location. The Homeland Department has created a centralized operation center that synthesizes all the incoming information and updates the information in real time and this information is sent to all the security agencies all over the country to alert them of any new threat. The Biowatch system monitors samples on daily basis and provides an early warning system and in the case of any threat can also provide treatment to affected individuals. Today US has about 700,000 thousands law enforcement officers, along with 12,000 thousand officer to protect and fight for America. There is also increased checking at border by the border forces at about 160 check points; which leaves the absolute guarantee of success humanly impossible. In the globloized world where nations are falling apart and our country is waging war on many fronts simultaneously, it would be wrong to assume to make Home Land Department responsible for every thing. Thus we can say that Homeland Security Department despite weakness has its strengths. The Department has been able to create different systems to cop with any domestic and international terrorism. Even though it has its weakness, government is working to improve it; however humanly it is not possible to have a foolproof system in country that is the size of a continent. The security of US soil is not solely dependent on internal factors alone; it also depends on the US foreign policy in handling of international affairs. Reference: Martin J. Medhurst. Cold War Rhetoric: Strategy, Metaphor, and Ideology. Michigan State University Press. 1997. Yevgeny Bendersky. EURASIA INSIGHT: RUSSIAÃ¢â¬â¢S FUTURE FOREIGN POLICY: PRAGMATISM IN MOTION. 2005 April; 5. Country Studies. Russian Foreign Policy Available http://countrystudies.us/russia/ Accessed May 24, 2006. Kelly Thornton. FBI Faulted for Pre-9/11 Error. June, 2005. Available http://www.mapinc.org/drugnews/v05/n929/a06.html?397 Accessed May 25,2006. Interview with Steven Cooper. Journal of Homeland Security. September 2002. Available http://www.homelandsecurity.org/newjournal/Interviews/displayInterview2
Thursday, March 19, 2020
The Reign Of Terror Throughout time, people have always been able to survive by using the things around them in innovative ways. Their cultures have also greatly influenced them. Whatever was happening at the time, they had to react and adapt their lifestyles. These changes almost always led to new inventions such as the guillotine. The guillotine was first introduced into France during the French Revolution on April 25, 1792. The first execution was that of a highwayman. The guillotine was also used in Scotland, England, and many other European countries. During the French Revolution, there were many important events that led up to the Reign of Terror, during which people were looking for a more efficient means of execution.The revolution in France happened for many reasons. First, France was in a financial crisis; it was on the verge of becoming bankrupt. The country went into debt after helping to finance the Seven Years' War and the Revolutionary War in America.The Wanderer is set during the Reign o f Terror, ex...Second, the people of the middle and lower classes were very unhappy. Third, people were beginning to have new ideas concerning the way the government functioned. King Louis XVI wanted to collect new taxes to pay for France's debts. So, he called his Estates-General to support him in his desire. Of course, the noblemen and clergymen approved, since they were not held responsible to pay the tax. The commoners did have to pay the tax, and they were always outvoted due to the fact that each estate only received a single vote.Angrily, the third estate demanded more votes. After all, they had more members than the first two estates combined. The third estate wanted all three estates to merge into one national assembly. In this new government, each representative would receive a vote. By June of 1789, the commoners had declared...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Lost in translation Lost in translation Its amazing how many good ideas are lost in translation not from one language to another, but from the brain to the printed page. One reason could be that its so tempting, when you suddenly find that youre unable to get your idea down on paper effectively, to throw more words at the problem. Yet the solution is often to do quite the opposite, and keep it simple. Take a recent Department of Health guidance document, which should have been issued with its own health warning: The aim of this resource pack is to help organisations promote and implement the use of an HR Leadership Qualities Framework that describes those behaviours which enhance NHS HR capacity and capability to improve the patient experience. Why complicate matters? Try using: This pack will help you promote and introduce an HR leadership qualities framework. In turn, this will help improve the service we give patients. Then theres this example from a recent invitation to tender (specifics changed to protect the guilty): Description/objective of the contract: To provide evidence on the extent to which north west organisations needs for enhanced and modified skills and knowledge among their existing adult employees are being met. This description is not unusually bad. It may even make perfect sense to you. But its extremely unlikely that the author would have described their objective like this if youd asked them to explain it over a cup of coffee. Instead, they might have said something like: We want to discover how far employees of companies in the north west have improved their skills and knowledge. Yet something stopped them using clear, simple language when they started writing. They forgot that their reader is no more likely to enjoy reading dense, turgid documents than they are. Its as if people feel they have to impress others with their language and use of corporate jargon. They ignore the fact that professional people today simply do not have time to decipher poor documents. So you need to be efficient to make sure your message doesnt get lost in a mountain of other documents, letters and emails. Inefficient writing wastes millions of pounds every year and documents are often four or five times longer than they need to be. These documents take much longer to read than they should have to that is, if people read them at all. As a result, your good ideas might go to waste. Here are three tips to help you with your writing: Clarify your key message before you begin, by writing a short three-sentence statement to sum up the issues you want to cover. Plan your document too before you write it. Never use the writing process to work out what you think. You might be clearer when you reach the end of the document, but your reader is more likely to be confused. Instead, separate the thinking process from the writing, and do the thinking first. Dont be afraid to use short, punchy words, and to be less verbose. It doesnt mean that you are dumbing down. Its fine to use jargon as long as youre certain that your reader will understand it. But you can still use plain language between the jargon. Flowery language just makes for heavy reading. Why say, Were currently involved in the implementation of something, when you can just say Were implementing it?
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Proposal - Outline Example In order to get a solution to this, the telecommunications company had to undertake a market research by deciding to employ Netezza data warehouse appliance as the only vender who performed above the rest, as far as their scalability, simplicity, performance and total cost of ownership was concerned (Froggatt, 2009, 1). According to Froggatt, (2009, 1), the most important requirement of the project was its seamless nature to the business users, and would make the company carry on with its existing tools with the Oracle alongside the new improvements by Netezza. From the proven results above it is seen that NetezzaÃ¢â¬â¢s performance is 252 times faster than Oracle. This makes the information system even simpler as far as its management is concerned. The company has therefore had dramatic positive results with Netezza as its enterprise data warehouse of choice and the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s number one in BI software. As a business object and a query tool, the biggest benefit has been the increased company performance (Froggatt, 2009, 2). Therefore, it is worth noting that business objects solutions are basically designed with the purpose of helping organizations gain much better insight concerning their businesses, enhanced enterprise performance as well as improved decision making. It is of prime importance that any information technology system needs to be faster on average speed, such that it can support any type of query. There was need to improve speed of the system in the company (Froggatt, 2009, 2). Secondly, the company systems needed to be simple in their approach, which is quite vital for the users and the information technology department. In implementing new technologies, the complexity of traditional database implementations needed to be cut out, and this could only be delivered by using the most appropriate data warehouse appliances. The use of database administration team needs to be as minimal as possible. This can only be achieved by